GAP Report® & GAP Index™

Global Agricultural Productivity Report® and Global Agricultural Productivity Index™

Figure 1-Total Factor ProductivityIn October 2010, The Global Harvest Initiative released its inaugural Global Agricultural Productivity Report® (GAP Report®) and Global Agricultural Productivity Index™ (GAP Index™), to serve as a benchmark to analyze agricultural productivity growth.

Each year, the GAP Report® is updated to mark the progress made toward sustainably doubling agricultural output over the next 40 years.

The signature GAP Index™ is an annual measurement of global and regional agricultural productivity growth against regional growth in food demand.

The GAP Index™ is based on the measurement of total factor productivity (TFP), which reflects the amounts of total inputs used per unit of output, including comparisons of the growth of output to the growth of input use.

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GHI’s Signature GAP Report® - Measuring Global Agricultural Productivity

  • 2016 GAP Report®: The 2016 Global Agricultural Productivity Report® (GAP Report®) advocates policies and innovations in five key areas to help the agriculture and food sectors manage uncertain seasons of fluctuating business cycles and climate change, while fostering competitiveness today and sustainable growth tomorrow.
    Press Release / Downloadable Infographics / Event Video
  • 2015 GAP Report®: In 2015, the GAP Report® focused on the innovations needed to meet the world’s demand for food, feed, fuel, and fiber in 2050. The report highlights the impressive legacy of conservation agriculture in the United States and shines a spotlight on Zambia, a country that is diversifying its agricultural production systems and building its capacity to become a regional breadbasket in southern Africa.
    Press Release / Downloadable Infographics / Event Video
  • 2014 GAP Report®: The 2014 GAP Report® uncovers both challenging and promising trends. Our findings indicate that productivity in agriculture is not accelerating fast enough to meet the expected agricultural demand by 2050 through sustainable practices. This serves as a call to action to invest in proven strategies that boost productivity and conserve the natural resource base.
    Downloadable Infographics / Event Video
  • 2013 GAP Report®: The 2013 GAP Report® identifies three primary challenges which could impede global efforts to achieve food security goals: lagging total factor productivity (TFP) growth rates in low-income countries; barriers to regional and global agricultural trade; and low levels of investment by developing countries in agricultural research and development as a share of their agricultural GDP.
    Press Release / Downloadable Infographics / Event Video
  • 2012 GAP Report®: The 2012 GAP Report focuses on the most recent global agricultural productivity growth rate and compares it to the rate required to meet estimated demand growth. The report also analyzes global and regional productivity, as each region faces unique opportunities and challenges.
    Press Release / Downloadable Infographics / Event Video
  • 2011 GAP Report®: The 2011 GAP Report found progress in the current growth rate of agricultural productivity worldwide but highlighted the challenges that lie ahead to maintain the current growth rate over each of the next 40 years. These challenges are especially critical in overcoming deficiencies in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, where the vast majority of global population growth will occur.
    Press Release
  • 2010 GAP Report®: GHI’s inaugural GAP Report quantified for the first time the difference between the current rate of global agricultural productivity growth and the pace required to meet future needs. The report found that agricultural productivity growth was lagging the world’s expanding demands.
    Press Release

The Challenge

In just over 40 years, world population will pass 9 billion people, and agricultural output must double to provide the necessary food, feed, fiber and fuel to meet the needs of the growing, more affluent world population in a sustainable manner.

In 2010, GHI’s inaugural GAP Report® calculated that global agricultural productivity (TFP) must grow by an average rate of at least 1.75 percent annually to double agricultural output by 2050.

Meeting future demand requires improving practices in growing and handling crops and livestock, and improving transportation, processing and food production through infrastructure and capital investment.