GAP Report® & GAP Index™

Global Agricultural Productivity Report® and Global Agricultural Productivity Index

In October 2010, The Global Harvest Initiative released its inaugural Global Agricultural Productivity Report® (GAP Report®) and Global Agricultural Productivity Index™ (GAP Index™), to serve as a benchmark to analyze agricultural productivity growth.

Each year, the GAP Report® is updated to mark the progress made toward sustainably doubling agricultural output over the next 40 years.

The signature GAP Index™ is an annual measurement on global and regional agricultural productivity growth against regional growth in food demand.

The GAP Index™ is based on the measurement of total factor productivity (TFP), which reflects the amounts of total inputs used per unit of output, including comparisons of the growth of output to the growth of input use.

The 2013 GAP Report® was released on October 16 at the World Food Prize Symposium in Des Moines, Iowa, before an audience of global thought leaders, agricultural industry experts, farmers, and international development professionals.

GHI’s Signature GAP Report® – Measuring Global Agricultural Productivity

GHI 2013 GAP Report

  • 2013 GAP Report®: The 2013 GAP Report® identifies three primary challenges which could impede global efforts to achieve food security goals: lagging total factor productivity (TFP) growth rates in low-income countries; barriers to regional and global agricultural trade; and low levels of investment by developing countries in agricultural research and development as a share of their agricultural GDP.
    Press Release  / Downloadable Infographics  /  Event Video
  • 2012 GAP Report®: The 2012 GAP Report focuses on the most recent global agricultural productivity growth rate and compares it to the rate required to meet estimated demand growth. The report also analyzes global and regional productivity, as each region faces unique opportunities and challenges.
    Press Release  /  Downloadable Infographics  /  Event Video
  • 2011 GAP Report®: The 2011 GAP Report found progress in the current growth rate of agricultural productivity worldwide but highlighted the challenges that lie ahead to maintain the current growth rate over each of the next 40 years. These challenges are especially critical in overcoming deficiencies in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, where the vast majority of global population growth will occur.
    Press Release
  • 2010 GAP Report®: GHI’s inaugural GAP Report quantified for the first time the difference between the current rate of global agricultural productivity growth and the pace required to meet future needs. The report found that agricultural productivity growth was lagging the world’s expanding demands.
    Press Release

The Challenge

In just over 40 years, world population will pass 9 billion people, and agricultural output must double to provide the necessary food, feed, fiber and fuel to meet the needs of the growing, more affluent world population in a sustainable manner.

In 2010, GHI’s inaugural GAP Report® calculated that global agricultural productivity (TFP) must grow by an average rate of at least 1.75 percent annually to double agricultural output by 2050.

The findings from the 2012 GAP Report®  indicate that global TFP is rising at at an annual rate of 1.84 percent.

But regional differences exist, and achieving necessary food production by 2050 requires improving the productivity of farmers in every major region, and across all scales of agriculture, from the smallholder to the commercial exporter.

Meeting future demand requires improving practices in growing and handling crops and livestock, and improving transportation, processing and food production through infrastructure and capital investment.