2014 GAP Report® – Digital

GLOBAL REVOLUTIONS IN AGRICULTURE: THE CHALLENGE AND PROMISE OF 2050

GHI-2014-GAP-Report-Cover-final-low-resWhen the Global Harvest Initiative (GHI) was founded in 2009, the world confronted a food price crisis that left nearly one billion people hungry and malnourished. The crisis energized collaborative action among governments, farmers and small-scale producers, non-governmental organizations, multilateral institutions and the private sector to jumpstart a comprehensive response. The result has been the emergence of more innovative public-private partnerships, rising levels of investment in agriculture and rural development, and a focus on more inclusive agricultural supply chains that deliver value to farmers and consumers alike.

The food price crisis has given way to an even more daunting task: sustainably producing sufficient, nutritious and affordable food, along with the required feed, fiber and fuel for an estimated global population of 9.6 billion people by 2050. Since 2009, GHI has provided an in-depth look at progress toward meeting this goal through our Global Agricultural Productivity Report® (GAP Report®).

The 2014 GAP Report® uncovers both challenging and promising trends. Our findings indicate that productivity in agriculture is not accelerating fast enough to meet the expected agricultural demand by 2050 through sustainable practices. This serves as a call to action to invest in proven strategies that boost productivity and conserve the natural resource base.

The report also highlights the rise of promising new global revolutions in agriculture and provides a spotlight on the special case of India. Some 50 years after the Green Revolution began, India has made tremendous progress, becoming self-sufficient in food grains and initiating the “White Revolution” in dairy production. New revolutions in horticulture, aquaculture, poultry and dairy production, data and innovation, extension, and especially in gender and women’s rights, are beginning to bear fruit. The 2014 GAP Report® traces the path of India’s agricultural successes, highlights new agricultural challenges the nation faces and discusses the policies and investments needed to continue and expand the story of success.

These revolutions are not unique to India — they hold promise for the entire world and will help farmers and producers to conserve the environment and natural resource base, adapt to climate change, price fluctuations and changing consumer preferences, and improve people’s lives and livelihoods. Together, we must continue to enhance the productivity of food and agriculture systems through the right policies and investments to sustainably meet the 2050 challenge.

Margaret M Zeigler signature

Margaret M. Zeigler
Executive Director
Global Harvest Initiative


TABLE OF CONTENTS

The Global Agricultural Imperative

India at a Crossroads

Producing More with Less

The Global Agricultural Productivity (GAP) IndexTM

Measuring Agricultural Productivity Growth in India

Policies that Promote Sustainable Food & Agricultural Systems

India’s Agricultural Value Chain

Cultivating Prosperity through Stronger Agricultural Value Chains

Tailoring Technologies for All Farmers

Public-Private Partnerships Make Farming Profitable for Low-Income Communities

Expanding the Roles, Options and Incomes of Women in Agriculture

Research and Collaboration Improve Productivity and Economic Growth

The Poultry Revolution Picks up Pace

The New White Revolution

Aquaculture — The Blue Revolution

Boosting Micronutrient Intake

Water Use Efficiency and Management

From Field to Fork: Strengthening Value Chains to Boost Productivity and Reduce Food Loss

Agricultural Financial Services

Endnotes